Date: 08/23/2011 Description: Map of Uganda © CIA World Factbook

Economy Overview

Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, small deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, and recently discovered oil. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over two-thirds of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues.
Since 1986, the government – with the support of foreign countries and international agencies – has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. Since 1990 economic reforms ushered in an era of solid economic growth based on continued investment in infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, lower inflation, better domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs.
The global economic downturn in 2008 hurt Uganda’s exports; however, Uganda’s GDP growth has largely recovered due to past reforms and sound management of the downturn. Oil revenues and taxes will become a larger source of government funding as oil comes on line in the next few years, although lower oil prices since 2014 and protracted negotiations and legal disputes between the Ugandan government and oil companies may prove a stumbling block to further exploration and development.
Uganda faces many challenges. Instability in South Sudan is a risk for the Ugandan economy because Uganda is a key destination for Sudanese refugees and South Sudan is Uganda’s main export partner. Unreliable power, high energy costs, inadequate transportation infrastructure, and corruption inhibit economic development and investor confidence. During 2014 to 2015 the Uganda shilling depreciated against the dollar, and this, coupled with increased public debt, has severely impeded production, especially since Uganda imports most of its capital goods.
NATIONAL STATISTICS

BASIC INDICATORS
Population, 2010 – 33.4 million
Young  population (under 18 years old), 2010 – 55.3%
Population annual growth rate, 1990-2010- 3.2%
Human development index (HDI), 2011 – 161
GNI per capita, 2010 – US$490
People living below the poverty line of US$1.25/day, 2000-2009 – 29%
Total fertility rate, 2011 (Uganda DHS 2011) – 6.2 children/per woman

HEALTH AND NUTRITION
Under-five mortality rate, 2011 – 90/per 1,000 births
Under-five mortality rank worldwide, 2010 – 27
Neonatal mortality rank (first 28 days of life), 2010 – 26/per 1,000 births
Maternal mortality, 2008 – 430/per 100,000 live births
Skilled attendant at birth, 2011 – 59%
Life expectancy at birth, 2010 – 54 years
Stunting (percentage of children under 5 suffering from moderate to severe), 2006-2010 – Stunting 33%. Underweight: 14%
Malaria – Children under 5 sleeping under a net, 2006-2010 – 43%

HIV AND AIDS
Adult HIV prevalence rate (ages 15-49), 2009 – 6.5% of adults HIV+
Children under age 15 living with HIV, 2009 – 150,000
Children orphaned by AIDS (ages 0-17), 2009 estimate – 1.2 million
Women over 15 years old living with HIV, 2009 estimate – 610,000
HIV prevalence among young people (ages 15-24), 2009 – 3.6% (4.8% of females; 2.3% of males)

WATER AND SANITATION
Use of improved drinking water sources, 2008 – 67% of population
Use of improved sanitation facilities, 2008 – 48% of population

EDUCATION
Net primary school enrolment ratio, 2007-2010 – 94% of girls; 91% of boys
Net secondary school enrolment ratio, 2007-2010 – 21% of girls; 22% of boys
Literacy rate among youth (15-24 years old), 2005-2010 – 85% of females; 90% of males
Internet usage- 13/per 100 of the population
Mobile phone usage – 38/per 100 of the population

CHILD PROTECTION
Birth registration (percentage of children under 5), 2011- 30%
Child labour (percentage of children ages 5-14), 2000-2010 – 25%
Child marriage of girls, 2000-2010 – 12% married by age 15; 46% married by age 18

Sources:  All numbers from UNICEF’s The State of the World’s Children 2012 and Uganda Preliminary Results – UDHS 2011, except HDI (from UNDP Human Development Report, 2011

Regional Statistics
Comparing population of Rwenzori Region in Western Uganda by District, Sex, Location, and Households
 
District Males Females Urban Rural Household Non Household Total Percent within western Uganda Percent at National
BUHWEJU 60,309 63,735 2,862 121,182 123,583 461 124,044 1.39 0.36
BULIISA 58,076 55,493 7,285 106,284 108,059 5,510 113,569 1.27 0.33
BUNDIBUGYO 108,020 116,125 35,198 188,947 222,987 1,158 224,145 2.50 0.64
BUSHENYI 114,310 121,311 41,063 194,558 230,360 5,261 235,621 2.63 0.68
HOIMA 286,705 287,198 106,492 467,411 565,189 8,714 573,903 6.41 1.65
IBANDA 120,308 127,775 63,321 184,762 243,657 4,426 248,083 2.77 0.71
ISINGIRO 237,549 254,567 52,831 439,285 488,327 3,789 492,116 5.50 1.41
KABALE 252,164 281,996 76,568 457,592 523,984 10,176 534,160 5.97 1.53
KABAROLE 234,869 239,347 121,593 352,623 469,012 5,204 474,216 5.30 1.36
KAMWENGE 205,802 215,668 19,240 402,230 417,394 4,076 421,470 4.71 1.21
KANUNGU 120,361 131,714 51,694 200,381 250,324 1,751 252,075 2.82 0.72
KASESE 338,796 363,233 172,053 529,976 696,417 5,612 702,029 7.84 2.01
KIBAALE 389,278 399,436 61,918 726,796 783,496 5,218 788,714 8.81 2.26
KIRUHURA 165,266 163,278 27,406 301,138 325,861 2,683 328,544 3.67 0.94
KIRYANDONGO 133,541 134,647 56,244 211,944 265,390 2,798 268,188 3.00 0.77
KISORO 128,741 158,438 17,561 269,618 284,031 3,148 287,179 3.21 0.82
KYEGEGWA 137,860 139,519 18,729 258,650 276,362 1,017 277,379 3.10 0.80
KYENJOJO 209,845 214,146 65,493 358,498 422,112 1,879 423,991 4.74 1.22
MASINDI 148,264 144,687 94,622 198,329 283,741 9,210 292,951 3.74 0.84
MBARARA 229,901 244,243 195,013 279,131 463,474 10,670 474,144 5.30 1.36
MITOOMA 86,612 98,907 11,465 174,054 184,925 594 185,519 2.07 0.53
NTOROKO 33,423 32,999 23,186 43,236 65,815 607 66,422 0.74 0.19
NTUNGAMO 234,244 255,079 58,062 431,261 483,075 6,248 489,323 5.47 1.40
RUBIRIZI 61,566 67,717 17,341 111,942 128,007 1,276 129,283 1.44 0.37
RUKUNGIRI 152,376 168,191 36,509 284,058 315,943 4,624 320,567 3.58 0.92
SHEEMA 100,651 111,069 58,191 153,529 207,283 4,437 211,720 2.37 0.61
Conflict Areas 6,417 6,301 12,718 12,718 12,718 0.14 0.04
Western Uganda 4355254 4596819 1491940 7460133 8841526 110547 8952073 100 25.68

Source; UBOS Census 2014, Revised Edition November 2014; RIDE AFRICA Calculator 2015